Common names: Fever tree (English), Koorsboom (Afrikaans), mooka-kwena (Northern Sotho), umHlosinga (Zulu), nkelenga (Tsonga), munzhelenga (Venda). Vachellia xanthophloea belongs to the pod bearing family Fabaceae. six to eight weeks after sowing) they should be transplanted from seedling trays into nursery bags, taking care not to damage the long taproot. This tree is popular amongst birds for nest building as the thorns add extra protection against predators such as snakes. PDF | Climate change, typified by drought, floods and rising temperatures continue to affect biodiversity in the world. Rhizobium possesses the enzyme systems (including nitrogenase enzyme complex) that convert atmospheric nitrogen to nitrogen compounds useful to plants [ 41, 42 ]. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow andphloios meaning bark. They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. Coates Palgrave, K. 1983 Trees of Southern Africa. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. 404 2012. The genus name Vachellia is named a after George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. You can help protect yourself from scammers by verifying that the contact is a Microsoft Agent or Microsoft Employee and that the phone number is an official Microsoft global customer service number. However, all trees with tap roots also have a network of sub-surface roots, some larger than others, that are utilized for water and nutrient supplies. During the first year, the tree benefits from an orchid fertilizer every three to four weeks. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. Combretum adenogonium, Vachellia xanthophloea, and Faidherbia albida are abundant trees in the park and are found across a moisture gradient. The Acacia xanthophloea or Fever Tree is a popular landscaping tree, with many features that make it both a useful and beautiful addition to various urban environments.This semi-deciduous to deciduous tree can reach up to 25m in the wild and it is often known for its unique lime green bark, making it popular as a feature tree. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. It is now understood that malarial fever is spread by mosquitos living in the swampy areas that often support this tree species, and not by the tree species itself. These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Attracting Birds to your Garden in southern Africa. On the whole this is true. The bark, root and resin of Acacia xanthophloea are produced to make incense for … The paired thorns are brown, short and hooked, and the foliage light green. The attractive Bladder-nut is an evergreen shrub or small Quick View; Forest elder / Bosvlier ... Heteropyxis natalensis is an ideal tree for home gardens – a good focal point. It can range in height from about 2.5 metres on poorer soils to a tree 14 metres or more tall ... Acacia nilotica is a pioneer species. It can fix Nitrogen. Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. Available in 50L , 100L and 450L. It is difficult to tell apart from Vachellia nilotica subsp. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and saline soils. A fast-growing tree with luxuriant growth, this attractively shaped Acacia is one of the largest and has white, papery, cork-like bark. Seedlings and young trees transplant well. Badroodien said fever trees had smooth, slightly flaky, greenish-yellow bark coated in … Vachellia refers to George Harvey Vachell (1789 – 1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macoa, who collected plants in China ; sieberiana is named for Franz Sieber (1789-1844), a Bohemian botanist, traveller and plant collector. Vachellia nilotica is a fast-growing though small, spiny, evergreen tree with a broad, rounded (rarely umbrella-shaped) crown. Agroforestry tree database - Acacia xanthophloea. The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. This plant has root nodules containing nitrogen fixing bacteria as do most members of the Mimosaceae family and these play an important role in the nitrogen enrichment of soils which then has a positive impact on the growth of plants around the fever tree. These trees, like all Vachellia species, do have slightly invasive root systems. The Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), with its lime green bark makes for a popular street tree. 408 2012. Before sowing, the seed should be soaked in hot water overnight. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. The improvement in soil structure was also associated with increased drainage, especially during wet periods. Personal Communication. Tech support scams are an industry-wide issue where scammers trick you into paying for unnecessary technical support services. Isolates were also made of A. heimii from Pinus elliottii in South Africa, Pelargonium asperum in Réunion, Tectona grandis in Zambia, and an unknown species in Zimbabwe and Cameroon. Insects: [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. (Fabaceae Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations of Vachellia and Senegalia. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. When the seedlings reach the two-leaf stage (approx. The timber is used to make poles and posts. Glenice These plants have a capitate inflorescence and stipules that are spinescent. Acacia karroo (= Vachellia karroo) is a very hardy, semi-deciduous, fast-growing and drought-resistant tree. Due to its extensive and deep root system, the tree is used in reforestation project. It is also found in low-lying swampy areas, along the margins of lakes and on river banks. It is also used in making candles, inks, matches, and paints. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. Vachellia seyal is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Vachellia xanthophloea. Johhson, D. & Johnson S.1993 Gardening with Indigenous Trees and Shrubs. There is a very rare species, Vachellia macranthera, occasionally cultivated. The complete field guide to Trees of Natal, Zululand & Transkei. In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. The wood is hard, heavy and a suitable general purpose timber but it should be seasoned before use otherwise it is likely to crack. [11] It is also a "declared pest" in Western Australia. Seed can be sown in seedling trays using a well drained seedling medium and then covered lightly. ... 6 comments on “Vachellia xanthophloea” Glenice Ebedes says: 8th January 2020 at 4:33 pm Hi Cavill. [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. [2] This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Acacia xanthophloea has an aggressive root system and needs ample water. However, these kinds of trees, like all Vachellia species, have slightly invasive root systems. This tree was previously called Acacia xanthophloea. Contact Sandra for details on Treeshop's 450L trees. Thus through these early settlers the myth was born and the plant acquired its name as the fever tree. WRA Specialist. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. Ideally, it is safe to plant this tree at least 8m from any structure to avoid any damage. They therefore associated the fever with the tree. Due to its mature dimensions it is recommended not to plant it close to buildings. Personal Communication. They do require mulch at the base in winter to protect them. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. It has an aggressive and invasive root system and should therefore not be planted near buildings, swimming pools, drainage or sewerage systems. The long straight white thorns are arranged in pairs and although they are very significant on young trees they often become barely noticeable on mature specimens. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. Venter, F & Venter J. First, V. karroo is a leguminous tree known to form root nodules [ 40 ], which are swellings on the root that contain nitrogen-fixing microorganisms (bacteria) known as Rhizobium. The species name xanthophloea is derived from the greek words xanthos meaning yellow andphloios meaning bark. Before going to sleep a question is asked that will be answered in their dreams. Seed and young growing plants are available at selected seed stockists and nurseries respectively. Struik: Cape Town. The Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea): This tree grows 12–15m tall, with an 8–10m wide spread, so it’s perfect for gardens with lots of room. 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