Differentiated Instruction Lesson Planner TKES DI Teacher Self-Assessment Checklist (p. 32) Gilda Lyons’ DI Sessions (December 10th/15th) Other Resources Differentiated Instruction in Science Teaching by Tiering in Science Differentiated Science Inquiry ($) Leveled Texts for Science ($) Privacy Policy Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. With differentiation in the classroom, instructors can manage what students learn, how students learn, and how students are assessed. Some of the following samples from classrooms in which teachers differentiate instruction are lifted directly from my own observations. Research on the effectiveness of differentiation shows this method benefits a wide range of students, from those with learning disabilities to those who are considered high ability. Tomlinson describes differentiated instruction as factoring students’ individual learning styles and levels of readiness first before designing a lesson plan. Assessment. Differentiated instruction starts with groups of children. Phone: 805-499-9734 What does a differentiated classroom look like? A look at differentiated instruction ... What does differentiation look like for students with an IEP? what does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Differentiated instruction for Diana, and for other struggling students, may mean providing a handout with sentence starters or a graphic organizer to help them with constructing meaning. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I really am interested to see how this will work within the school system. The University of Virginia Incorporating Differentiated Instruction in your classroom does not mean you have to lower the level of rigor for your struggling students. This includes spaces for quiet individual work, small and large group work, and group instruction. Other students will work on tiered activities in the learning center. Because we have students who are at so many different readiness levels, I thought that that would be a great place to focus my journey on differentiating instruction. The opportunity to dig dipper into wat of making learning interesting. Ongoing assessments guide instruction. When I had started, I didn’t allow for that flexibility. By using the IRIS Website, you consent to our use of cookies. If a student visits a listening center and they’re an auditory learner, they’re going to work at that real high level in that center. And when we assess, we have to be careful not to crowd an assessment item with a lot of noise that is not measuring precisely what we want to measure. Differentiation means personalizing content, process, and product so students can learn the material that's appropriate for their academic readiness level, in a way that works best for them. The trick here is to make sure that we focus on one aspect of quality at a time. As far as grouping goes, students can be grouped by ability level, interests, or intermingled levels of understanding. I think it’s also helpful for some people who are looking for a particular starting point to begin with formative assessments, giving kids preassessments before units begin and examining what you see, giving students formative ongoing assessments as teaching and learning progress and seeing what materializes. And, at the literacy centers, I would find different tiered activities for the children to work on. It may mean providing extra time to complete an assignment, giving directions again, reducing the length of an assignment, or offering alternate assignments or projects altogether. Is it clear to the students? “Differentiated instruction is a proactively planned, interdependent system marked by a positive community of learners, focused high-quality curriculum, ongoing assessment, flexible instructional arrangements, [and] respectful tasks.” (Beasley, 2009, slide 2) 4/16/2013 8 The match of the curriculum and learning experiences to learners. Inclusive education and differentiated instruction are two methods of teaching that attempt to reach all students, regardless of disability or skill level. However, we must be intentional about how we adjust our expectations, support, and demonstration of learning options so that we are including rigor. Because he thinks it is the group that will most benefit, Mr. Shelton begins to differentiate instruction in his Algebra I class. yFor example, if the classroom objective is for all students to subtract using renaming, some of the students may learn to subtract two‐digit numbers, Samples. But then they go to the phonics center, and they have gaps for phonics, they need to be moved to a different tiered assignment because they need more support in that area. Though there are many ideas for differentiated instruction out there, it seems overwhelming to attempt to do this for every single one of your students, and often, the question “ what is differentiation ” still lingers. How Flexible Are You . How Do Teachers Manage a Differentiated Classroom? Provide support for struggling readers (e.g., students with learning disabilities, English language learners). We use cookies to ensure that your visit to our Website is the best it can be. I see so many students get lost in a sea of messiness when the goal is unclear. On the other hand, I think it’s perfectly defensible for a teacher to say that I’m going to start where I feel the most comfortable, and I’m not trying to learn the content at the same time I’m trying to learn new ways of thinking about it, so I’m just going to start where I think I can succeed the most. What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Teachers can also find a lot of resources for differentiating instruction in educational magazines, books, and online. Use a simple means of gathering information about students (e.g., end-of-chapter test as a pretest, exit cards, commercially available interest surveys). Adolescent Literacy and Differentiated Instruction grows out of their commitment and extends the work of their previous Heinemann book, Differentiated Instruction in the English Classroom. This article discusses how regular classroom teachers can use high level curriculum as a catalyst for identifying and nurturing gifted students. Differentiated instruction and individualized learning are things that are done to or for the student: they are actions taken by the teacher on the student’s behalf. Monitor students as they work. The teacher also needs to create a structured environment so that students feel secure while working in groups, pairs, or independently without direct supervision by the teacher. Differentiated instruction isn’t always about grouping students based on ability — or, in the music classroom, based on the instrument. “Differentiated instruction is a proactively planned, interdependent system marked by a positive community of learners, focused high-quality curriculum, ongoing assessment, flexible instructional arrangements, [and] respectful tasks.” learning experiences to learners. Differentiated instruction in the English classroom : content, process, product, and assessment / Barbara King-Shaver and Alyce Hunter. Corwin has one mission: to enhance education through intentional professional learning. Is it clear to the students? This knowledge is then used to develop customized curriculum plans that are tailored to both the knowledge students need and how they best acquire that knowledge. However, this does not mean that the teacher should stop developing new activities. What is differentiated instruction? Below are two plans for the same lesson on multiplying polynomials. I knew I had to start small, because it involved so many details and so many elements, and I wanted to focus on just one subject area. At the end of four or five years, the teacher should have created a very differentiated classroom. So I think, when you have that support and that collaboration with your colleagues, it sets us up for a more successful outcome with differentiating instruction. Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. Start with the class of students that is the easiest to work with. The definition begins with this: Equal education is not all students getting the same, but all students getting what they need. Grouping students by similar ability levels helps both teachers and students. (Tomlinson 2001) "DIFFERENTIATING LEARNING ENVIRONMENT INCLUDES: Education expert Dr. Carol Ann Tomlinson provides the following definition:\"Differentiation For Your Information. have it. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. That’s where collecting data becomes key. We build long-term relationships with our authors, educators, clients, and associations who partner with us to develop and continuously improve the best, evidence-based practices that establish and support lifelong learning. Here are the nuts and bolts of differentiated instruction and assessment: The choice is key to the process. Here is an attempt to distill the essential elements down to four buckets or key areas: Expectations and attitudes about students, getting to know students Although Mr. Shelton ha Some are composites of several classrooms or extensions of conversations with teachers. Differentiate professional development for teachers too. Modules, case studies, activities, & more, Sample syllabi, curriculum matrices, & more, Sample PD activities, planning forms, & more, Resources & tools for independent learners, Feedback and testimonials from IRIS users, Professor of Educational Leadership, Foundations, and Policy, Assistant Principal Intern,Former Third-Grade Teacher. In any general education classroom, there are students with various learning styles. For the Year 4 lesson plan, list the ways in which he differentiates instruction. Hallmarks of Differentiated Classrooms In differentiated classrooms, teachers begin with two critical "givens": there are content requirements—often in the form of "standards"—that will serve as destination points for their students, and there are students who will inevitably vary as learners. Terms of Use. More specifically, I worked with my guided-reading groups. differentiation, let’s first take a closer look at what differentiation looks like in the classroom: A wide variety of assessments is used to determine students' learning styles, strengths, weaknesses, likes, and dislikes. Copyright 2020 Vanderbilt University. If students need to tune out noise, they can choose to wear earbuds or headphones during independent work. Professor of Educational Leadership, Foundations, and Policy What does differentiated instruction look like in the classroom? Other ways to group students (that aid in differentiating) include grouping based on interest and grouping based on strength. Begin working with students in small groups. [email protected], Submissions Select one element (i.e., content, process, product, learning environment) to differentiate. So that was kind of an eye-opener for me. Use a simple means of gathering information about students (e.g., end-of-chapter test as a pretest, exit cards, commercially available interest surveys). Differentiated Classroom • Student differences are studied as a basis for planning • Assessment is ongoing and diagnostic to understand how to make instruction more responsive to learner need • Focus on multiple forms of intelligences is evident She is an independent consultant helping schools and education organizations transform to meet the demands of the 21st Century through leadership coaching, teacher training, curriculum design and assessment writing. Call on students to help solve problems (guided practice). Review problems or steps that students are having difficulty with. Looking at my classroom assessments, I was able to determine the different groups. Additionally, ongoing professional development is critical. The IRIS Center Peabody College Vanderbilt University Nashville, TN 37203 iris@vanderbilt.edu. Differentiated instruction is having flexibility to adjust to lesson plans to engage … Differentiated instruction in the classroom can be done several ways. Differentiation is the way a teacher prepares instruction to meet the needs of all the children in an inclusive classroom, from the most challenged to the most gifted.Differentiating instruction is not only going to help your special education students fully participate, it will also enrich and improve the experience of the general education students. It asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning. My passion is to help teachers be joyful, highly-effective teachers by sharing engaging, practical, low-prep ideas that are grounded in best practices that will make students WANT to come to school. A differentiated classroom should support, and is supported by, an evolving community of learners. I don't think it looks the same in any two classrooms. Are Your Lessons Starting Strong? What that means is that the teacher leads his students in developing the sorts of attitudes, beliefs, and practices that would characterize a really good neighborhood." Michelle Giddens, MEd It describes the characteristics of a differentiated classroom, how differentiation might look for advanced learners, why differentiated instruction is needed for advanced learners, and how parents can support differentiation. It is important to remember that students’ needs are ever changing and that being responsive to ongoing assessment is crucial for meeting the needs of all learners. And it’s smart, I think, to think in terms of teaching, actually—but certainly differentiation—more as a marathon than as a sprint. Julie Harris Stern is a Verified Master Trainer and has a Coaching Certificate and Change Management Certificate from the Association for the Supervision of Training and Development. Grouping, varying amounts of time, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation. Discuss how Mr. Shelton’s instruction has changed over the four-year period. In differentiated classrooms, we should see teachers who are warm yet firm in their expectations, circulating among students who are all deeply invested in a clear and purposeful task that they know will help advance them in the learning journey. Differentiated Classroom • Student differences are studied as a basis for planning • Assessment is ongoing and diagnostic to understand how to make instruction more responsive to learner need • Focus on multiple forms of intelligences is evident Rubrics, sample student work and think alouds are all good tools to aid us in this endeavor. If several students tend to learn rhythms the same way, group them together. To keep the workload manageable, when they begin to differentiate instruction, teachers might want to start with a few low-prep activities that can be used throughout the first year and add only one high-prep activity for each unit of study or per semester. Do you think he has or has not made a lot of progress toward differentiating instruction? Pre-assessments tell us what they already know, understand or misunderstand about a topic. Choice of learning activity as well as choice in the assessment (how the student will demonstrate understanding). We can layer on skills, knowledge, understanding, habits of mind, etc. It is not as difficult as it seems and putting in place differentiated instruction strategies will meet each of your students on his or her level and you will be so excited to watch them excel. Michelle Giddens discusses how she began differentiating instruction and offers advice to other teachers who want to begin this process (time: 2:13). Grouping, varying amounts of time, or changing the task are the most common types of differentiation. The learning tasks always consider the students' strengths/weaknesses. Mr. Shelton also learns that making the shift from a traditional classroom to a differentiated classroom is a long-term process, usually four to five years. Assign class problems and allow students to work with a partner or alone to complete. (Tomlinson 2001) "DIFFERENTIATING LEARNING ENVIRONMENT INCLUDES: Discuss how Mr. Shelton’s instruction has changed over the four-year period. 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Multiple options for taking in information ( 1999 ) the following Year the. Centers for the next subject area to move onto the next subject area one subject area move... I had started, I worked with my guided-reading groups I didn ’ t always about grouping students by ability. Examples of differentiated instruction are lifted DIRECTLY from my own observations of understanding cram everything into grading and.